Medical is one of the four major subjects taught in medical schools and is a complicated subject to study. But the subjects involved in Medical School Entrance Examination (MSEE) are medical terminology, physiology, anatomy, diagnostic procedures, pharmaceutical techniques, biomedical skills, ethics, reporting, communication skills, interpersonal skills, managerial skills, administration skills, and marketing. Medical term means the entire process of healing, treating, preventing, diagnosing, treating, or improving the physical or mental health of a human being. Medical subject also includes radiology, dental surgery, pharmacy, obstetrics/maternity ward, surgical procedures, pharmacology, internal medicine, surgery, vascular surgery, and pathology.
Medical terminology is the scientific and layman term used for the general understanding of the body systems, organs, diseases, symptoms, and abnormal conditions that affect the human body. The principles of health, sickness, diseases, and the proper care of the body are known as the principles of medical terminology. This can be understood by simple example. Blood pressure means the force of blood against the walls of arteries.
Physiology refers to the law of cause and effect in biology that determines the existence and the effect of physical processes. Chemical composition, function, structure, and organization of living things are well described in Physiology. Human body is described in Physiology.
Anatomy relates to the arrangement of parts in the body and the connections between them. It includes the description and measurement of structures and parts of the body, with special reference to the human brain and nervous system. Pharmacology describes the actions of chemicals in the body that affect the functions of other organs and tissues. Internal medicine deals with the medical conditions within an individual and their relationship to the external environment.
A wide range of specialties exist in the fields of medicine and allied health sciences. The scope comprises Pediatric, Dermatology, Cardiology, Diagnostic Medical sonography, ENT, Pediatrics, Radiology, Rheumatology, Surgery, Orthopedics, Gynecology, and Women’s Health. Anemia, diabetes, obesity, liver disease, gallstones, breast cancer, menopause, and vaccines are some of the major issues of concern in modern medical science. Each specialization has its own terminology, methods of practice, and standard operating procedures.
As compared to ancient medicine, modern medical science has a better understanding of the human organism and has a better understanding of diseases and their cures. Modern science has developed specific tools and techniques to cure the diseases. The field of public health has also gained importance as they try to protect the public from various epidemics and dangerous diseases. There are many international agencies which are dedicated towards improving health worldwide.
The field of medical science is divided into two branches. On one hand are the medical specialists, who specialise in a particular branch of medicine such as diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease. On the other hand are the medical practitioners, who specialise only in treating a disease. They have to pursue formal education and acquire a license to practice. They can specialize in one or more branches of medicine.
There are numerous institutions and schools that provide training to medical professionals. They teach the basic principles and medical terminology. Graduates of these schools and colleges can pursue careers as doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and other medical professionals. Medical colleges offer three-year and four-year degree programs.
People who want to pursue careers in the medical profession can do so either by attending medical school or through online courses. Medical schools usually recruit from any part of the world. Some of them are located in the US, UK, Canada, and some in developing countries like China, India, and Indonesia. The courses offered by medical schools are generally of three kinds –
The first course is general medical practitioners course. It can be attended by people who want to specialise in a particular branch of medicine. They can opt for general practitioners course in a hospital or any private medical institution. The next course offered by these institutions is medical specialised study.
This course trains medical professionals to treat patients suffering from diseases specialised in that branch. For example, if a person wants to specialise in ear surgery, then they can opt for the audiologist course. Ear, nose, and throat is another specialised branch of medicine, and you can find many practitioners in this branch. There is also a course called public health course. Public health course focuses on teaching students how to promote and protect the general public through effective decision-making.
The third course is advanced medical practitioners course. This is best suited for medical professionals already working in the field. These include microbiologists, allergists, nutritionist, and pediatricians. This course trains medical practitioners to diagnose and treat patients suffering from common illnesses such as flu. They may also study complicated illnesses like AIDS and cancer.
In order to get into a career in the medical profession, one needs to complete a degree program in an accredited institute. These institutes offer a variety of medical courses. It is highly recommended to go for an online medical education college as these offer flexible schedules and low tuition fees. Also, online colleges have reduced fees for distance learners. After finishing a good school, one can get a license from a recognised body and start practicing as a medical practitioner.
As there are many areas in medicine, there are various specialisations in medicine. These specialisations are further divided into various groups. Specialties in medicine include internal medicine, pediatrics, gastroenterology, cardiology, dermatology, neurology, oncology, trauma, and gastroenterology. Some areas in medicine also require additional postgraduate degrees. These postgraduate degrees are offered by medical schools and colleges.